Overview of PA ABLE
What is the PA ABLE Savings Program? Watch and find out!
- Contribute up to $16,000 each year. This federal limit may be adjusted each year based on inflation and may be exceeded by account owners who are employed (see below).
- Contribute more with earned income. PA ABLE account owners who earn income may contribute additional funds beyond the annual $16,000 contribution limit. See the FAQs for additional information.
- Families and friends can contribute to an account. The account limit applies to total contributions and is not per contributor.
- Account maximum of $511,758. Once limit is reached, no additional contributions can be made. Interest can still be earned.
- Deduct contributions on PA income taxes. Contributions to a PA ABLE account may be deducted from state taxable income. Only contributions to a PA ABLE account qualify for the PA state income tax deduction.
- Roll over a 529 college account. Roll over money from a 529 college savings account to a PA ABLE account, up to the ABLE annual contribution limit (currently $16,000). See the FAQs for additional information.
- Contribute Social Security benefits (SSI or SSDI) - Direct your SSI and SSDI monthly benefit payments into your PA ABLE account as a direct deposit. Please note that you cannot direct deposit your SSI or SSDI benefit payment if you have a representative payee. For more information visit SSA.gov. The Social Security Administration created this toolkit for organizations that work with families of children with disabilities to inform them about SSI.
Choose Your Investment Options
You may choose to direct your contributions to one or any combination of seven investment options offered by the PA ABLE Savings Program. Six are Asset-Allocation Options with varying blends of stocks, bonds, and cash – with the combinations ranging from conservative to aggressive. The seventh is an FDIC-insured interest-bearing checking account with a debit card provided through Fifth Third Bank, National Association.
In addition to the investment fees shown on the investment option charts, there is an account maintenance fee of $15 per quarter, which may be reduced to $11.25 per quarter if you choose to have program statements and information sent electronically. For the Fifth Third Bank, N.A. checking account option there is an additional fee of $2.00 per month, which is waived if you elect to receive bank statements electronically or maintain an average monthly balance of $250. Additional bank fees may apply. See the PA ABLE Savings Program Disclosure Statement for details.
Eligible Individuals who can enter into contracts are Account Owners with complete control of their account - a trustee or representative is not needed. It is also important to note that IRS regulations allow an adult PA ABLE account owner who has the capacity to enter into a PA ABLE account contract to appoint a person of their choosing to be an Authorized Individual.
For minors or adults who lack the legal capacity to contract, another person may be able to open and control the account and is the Authorized Individual. The IRS lists the individuals who may open and maintain a PA ABLE account for minors and adults who lack the capacity to enter into a contract as well as the order of priority of those individuals. For more information, please see the PA ABLE disclosure statement.
For Account Owners who lack the capacity to contract, the Fiduciary maintains control of the account until relinquished. Account Owners who reach the age of 21 and have the capacity to contract can request the termination of a fiduciary's authority and roll over their savings into a new account.
The Pennsylvania ABLE Act
The Pennsylvania Achieving a Better Life Experience (ABLE) Act follows federal legislation that authorizes states to create ABLE programs. Modeled after college savings accounts, ABLE accounts allow individuals with qualifying disabilities and their families to save for a wide range of disability-related expenses. The federal tax-free savings and investment options are offered to encourage individuals with a disability and their families to save private funds to support health, independence and quality of life.